Artificial intelligence (AI) isn’t only an emerging technology but it’s also highly complex. There isn’t even a settled definition of AI, not least because AI may be a catch-all term that encompasses various sorts of technology. This provides many opportunities to theorize on what the longer term will hold. The news is extremely much focused on what technology can do now, whether it’s about AI beating humans in games, asking whether AI will steal our jobs, or discussing the potential of AI to enhance society. it’s good to require a step back and check out and appearance at the larger picture of what is often achieved within the subsequent 100 years.
We’ll check out two different methods of categorization, one comparing the technology to the human mind and therefore the other to the functions that AI can perform.
Classifying AI by Comparing It to the Human Mind
Under this method of classification, the kinds of AI include:
• Artificial Narrow Intelligence (ANI) – ANI is that the level of AI that we currently have. it’ll probably also cover much of the AI which will be developed for several, a few years to return. ANI machines can autonomously perform tasks during a similar thanks to humans.
• Artificial General Intelligence (AGI) – AGI machines are perceived as machines that will function sort of a human. So instead of having the ability to perform and obtain better at one task, it’ll be ready to perform multiple tasks, learn completely new competencies, and solve problems it’s never encountered before.
• Artificial Super Intelligence (ASI) – Like AGI, ASI is only hypothetical. it’s an AI that’s much more intelligent than even the foremost brilliant minds on Earth. this is often the sort of AI that causes the foremost fear.
The Four sorts of AI-supported the Functions It Can Perform
Let’s now move to the opposite categorization of AI—defining AI supported the functions it can perform. Under this method of categorization, there are four main types:
1. Reactive Machines
Reactive machines base their decisions and actions on the prevailing situation. this suggests they can’t use past experiences to enhance their decision-making process. In other words, they can’t learn.
One of the best-known samples of a reactive machine is Deep Blue. In 1996/1997, it became the primary program to beat a person at chess when it defeated Kasparov, the Russian chess grandmaster. Deep Blue was programmed to predict the moves it should make. It also predicted the moves its opponent might make, but it could never improve beyond this originally programmed capability.
2. Limited Memory Machines
This is the sort of AI that we’ve today, like autonomous vehicles, personal assistants like Siri, chatbots, face recognition technology, etc. In simple terms, limited memory machines are programmed to perform specific tasks, but they’re also ready to learn. This learning helps them improve.
Why do they use limited memory instead of unlimited though? Autonomous vehicles are an honest example as they store some bits of knowledge for a limited period of your time. This includes the space to other vehicles, the speed of other vehicles, the present regulation, etc. once they are during a situation where this information is not any longer relevant, this data is discarded. Think how this contrasts with a person’s brain, which may keep memories for years and years and may retrieve them when within the right context and time.
3. Theory of Mind
With the theory of mind AI, we are back within the realm of the hypothetical. It involves developing machines that will understand emotions, desires, needs, and beliefs. consider this as a machine that you simply simply can have social interaction within much an equivalent way that you interact with another person. this is often more of the sort of AI you expect to ascertain in movies.
Taking the idea of what could also be possible as far because it can go is self-aware AI, although it’s purely hypothetical at the instant. Self-aware AI not only understands human emotions, needs, and beliefs but it’ll have emotions, desires, needs, and beliefs of its own.
AI Today and within the Future
Whether the hypothetical iterations of AI are possible or not, there are still substantial developments occurring within the AI technologies we’ve today. we’ll likely have an AI that possesses some theory of mind within this century. However, creating a self-aware AI or some quite super-intelligence are some things that still sit within the realm of fantasy. While it can’t be precluded, no-one knows the way to get there. The one certain thing is that the longer-term looks exciting and it’s getting to be much different from what we see now!
Source: the data scientist