If you are a developer and thinking to make a carrier as web developer
If you would like to form a career pivot into tech (especially due to the high starting salaries and adaptability that accompany it), web developer jobs are one among the savviest ways to urge there.
There’s a transparent list of web development skills you’ll get to learn, and once you’ve got those it’s one among the simplest entry-level tech roles to land, since the industry often hires developers supported their portfolio and code, no previous job experience.
WEB DEVELOPMENT SALARIES
Web development salaries have steadily been on the increase during the past five years and are projected to continue increasing. Robert Half Technology estimates earnings for web development professionals will increase by a mean of roughly 5.6 percent in 2016:
But what’s web development and the way exactly does one start within the field?
We’ve put together this ultimate guide to interrupt down everything you would like to understand about landing web developer jobs. From what exactly an internet developer is, to what skills web developers need, to the way to find an entry-level developer, we’re covering it all.
And don’t feel pressured to require altogether this information at once! Bookmark this page and are available back as often as you would like while starting on your own path to web development.
|OCCUPATION||2016 SALARY INCREASE|
|Senior Web Developer||5.7%|
|Front-End Web Developer||6.1%|
Chapter 1: what’s an internet Developer?
WEB DEVELOPER: the essential DEFINITION
Web development is the process of taking the plans and layouts created by web designers, then coding them into live, functioning websites. Web developers, also called programmers, are the people that roll in the hay.
Front End Web Developers—
Back End Web Developers—While the front of an internet site includes everything the user interacts with directly, consider the rear end as the“under the hood” parts of a site. Users don’t see this work, but rear web developers make the parts they are doing see run smoothly. for instance, rear web developers use “server-side” programming languages to request data from a site’s web server, which then appears as HTML output on a user’s screen.
Full Stack Web Developers—
Combine the skill sets of a front web developer and a rear web developer, and you get “full-stack.” Full-stack developers are simply programmers who have experience with front web development and rear development (and confine mind that “web” are often substituted for “mobile app” or “app” development during this description, too, hence why you’ll see job postings for full-stack app developers).
It’s up to your personal career goals and interests which of those developer paths you select, but wherever you would like to finish up, we recommend starting by learning solid front fundamentals. Even basic HTML and CSS skills (which are often learned within a month or so), will qualify you to try to entry-level freelance work for clients. then, it’s up to you to make a decision about what you would like to concentrate on and the way far you would like to travel (whether it’s sticking with front, branching out into rear, or tying it all at once as a full-stack engineer).
Chapter 2: Web Developer Skills You’ll get to Know
Now that you simply have a thought of what web developers do, let’s check out the core skills they use to try to to it.
FRONT END PROGRAMMING LANGUAGES
These are a number of the foremost common programming languages employed by a front web developer.
HTML (Hypertext Markup Language) defines the parts of sites to the online browsers that visit them. once you access a site through your phone, tablet, or computer’s browser (Chrome, Safari, Firefox, etc.) those browsers are ready to read HTML content and translate it into what you see on the screen. HTML is that the language that defines which a part of the page may be a header, which may be a footer, where paragraphs belong, where images, graphics, and videos are placed, etc.
CSS (Cascading Style Sheets) may be a sister language to HTML. It’s used after the parts of a page are defined, and specifies the page’s style. Page layouts, colors, and fonts are all selected and implemented through CSS. In other words, if HTML is that the foundation of a house, CSS is that the interior and exterior decorating decisions.
BACK END PROGRAMMING LANGUAGES
These are a number of the go-to coding languages used for rear web development.
PHP (which stands for—get this—PHP: Hypertext Preprocessor) may be a scripting language utilized in “server-side” (back end) web development. The server-side activity involves an internet browser sending requests to an internet server (the software or hardware that stores a websites pages, images, media, and other assets), which then responds to the request with HTML code that becomes content on the user’s screen.
PHP may be a language wont to request server content—for example, a PHP script can make your three most up-to-date blog posts appear automatically on your site’s front page. Meanwhile, PHP scripts also can involve conditional (if/else/endif) statements that direct your site to vary its display and add content from your web server as required, supported user behavior.
Ruby may be “a dynamic, open-source programing language with attention on simplicity and productivity.” In other words, it’s liberal to use and its users are allowed to review, change, and distribute the language to anyone and for any purpose (that’s the open-source part), while its syntax is meant to mimic non-machine language the maximum amount as possible (the part about being focused on simplicity and productivity.
Python is an “object-oriented” programing language that will be used for front and rear scripting in web development (with a majority of its use approaching the rear end). Object-oriented languages (like Python) allow programmers to make virtual objects in their code and provides each of those objects unique attributes and skills. All of the objects a developer creates are then ready to interact with one another or perform actions on their own.
Through this object model, object-oriented programming languages like Python reduce complexity for developers by mimicking world-building dynamics and giving programmers a transparent structure to figure with. Objects are often isolated and maintained separately from the remainder of their code (making it easier to locate and repair bugs), and—once created—they are often easily reused in future programs.
WordPress is that the industry-leading CMS (Content Management System), a kind of software program that lets web developers create, publish, and manage digital content online. By employing a CMS like WordPress, they’re ready to do all of this through an interface where changes are reflected immediately after pressing a “Publish” button (as against the less streamlined experience of coding sites from scratch).
While complete tech newcomers can use WordPress out of the box by following menu cues within the interface and selecting pre-existing site templates, one you build up skills like HTML, CSS, and PHP you’ll be ready to create your own WordPress page templates and site features, supplying you with an equivalent quite options for personalization you’d have when coding from scratch.
Because of this versatility, the WordPress CMS may be a widely-used tool for building sites that will appeal to side hustle clients also as full-time employers. (Web technology survey site W3Techs cites WordPress CMS as owning 60 percent of worldwide CMS usage.) Simply knowing the way to build basic websites with WordPress is enough to open up work as a WordPress developer, and WordPress’ sliding skill scale will allow you to find out gradually as you go—all qualities that talk to the wisdom of WordPress specialization.
WEB DESIGN, A CLARIFICATION
Although web design is its own field (and it’s possible to figure as an internet developer without having a lively hand within the design process and the other way around ), it only adds to your hireability and job flexibility as a developer if you’ve got a minimum of a basic understanding of web design. Web design fundamentals include:
LAYOUT & NAVIGATION PRINCIPLES
It’s always important to recollect that the layout of an internet site is as important because of the content it presents. you would like to rearrange the website’s images, text, video, and menu options during a way that permits efficient navigation by users.
Familiarizing yourself with the best layout and navigation principles, like those illustrated during this UX Booth article, maybe a great way to urge a design overview.
COLOR & TYPOGRAPHY
In addition to layout and navigation, color and typography play a deciding role in effective web design. Even the world’s most brilliant layout can vanish courtesy of clashing colors and unreadable text.
Certain color and typography choices are a subjective a part of the planning process, but there’s an entire science of color choice that will (and should) inform web design. an equivalent goes for typography—in addition to creating sites easier to read and more appealing to users, the proper font size and elegance choices can directly affect the power of search engines to index and rank your website.
MOBILE FIRST DESIGN
In the youth of web design, most folks were watching sites from our desktop computers. Fast forward to 2018, and 52 percent of all website traffic is now served to mobile phones, making “mobile-first design” the online design standard. this suggests creating your website designs with the littlest display screens in mind, and dealing outward to greater screens from there.
Our curriculum team uses water during a glass as an example. once you pour water into a glass, the liquid conforms itself to the dimensions and shape of the glass being used—which is that the whole aim of the mobile-first design. an internet site that appears spectacular on your phone’s screen should seamlessly expand into a spectacular experience on your desktop, and vice versa.
This UX Pin article gives a glance at the type of specifics that enter mobile-first design—something you ought to be conversant in whilst an internet developer.
Version control software—like open source stalwart Git—is tool developers use to trace those changes so that they can return to a previous version of their work and determine what went wrong without tearing the entire thing down.
If you’re planning on applying for web developer jobs, you’ll see why this is often a skill that you simply (and your prospective clients and employers) are going to be very happy to possess.
Chapter 3: the way to Learn Those Web Developer Skills
Now that you simply have thought of the type of skills it takes to figure as an internet developer, you’re probably wondering the way to actually start learning these skills. And, supported the type of questions we get from prospective students, you would possibly be letting some preconceived notions offer you unnecessary anxiety on the subject. additionally to easily eager to know where and the way to find out tech skills, newcomers to tech are often worried that learning these skills will:
- Take too long
- Require high-level math skills
- Require a university degree
- So let’s tackle those three common fears first.
CONQUERING THREE COMMON TECH FEARS: A QUICKSTART GUIDE
1. LEARNING BASIC CODING WILL TAKE YOU MONTHS (NOT YEARS)
The absolute initiative toward web development is to start out learning two coding languages ASAP—HTML and CSS. These two skills will allow you to start out building basic websites, and they’ll even qualify you to start out doing paid HTML and CSS jobs (think freelance web development gigs for friends, family, or local businesses). And here’s the thing—learning to code with HTML and CSS can take as little as weeks or maybe days counting on your pace and approach.
Once you’ve nailed the fundamentals of those front-end development skills the training process will continue throughout your development career, and there are always more skills to find out to remain professionally flexible and relevant—for instance, if you’re curious about exploring back-end web development you’ll be got to learn server-side languages like Ruby on Rails—but the method of becoming a professionally viable front-end developer can realistically be achieved during a matter of months.
2. HIGH-LEVEL MATH ISN’T AS IMPORTANT AS you would possibly THINK
The high starting pay and job flexibility related to web development sound great…but unless you’ve got doctorate level math skills it’s probably not for you, right?
While tech careers are often stereotypically related to hardcore computation, it’s the pc you’re using that does most of the extreme calculation. consistent with web developer Charlotte O’Hara (who I interviewed on the topic previously), critical thinking skills, and an eye fixed for design are a way bigger a part of the work than advanced calculations. you’ll read more about the facts on math and coding (and how insecurity around math is usually just a matter of perception) in our what proportion Math Do I want to understand to Code article.
3. COLLEGE DEGREE NOT NECESSARILY REQUIRED
But albeit you won’t need the maximum amount math as you think that that (or you recognize more math than you think you do), you continue to need a degree in computing to figure as an internet developer, right?
Yes, having a CS degree can certainly be an honest thing if you’re trying to figure as an internet professional, but—since web development is essentially a skills-based field—if you recognize the way to do the work, there’s absolutely no reason you can’t get hired.
Even better, the degree-less success stories are out there (and we’ve covered quite a few of them).
WHERE to find out WEB DEVELOPER SKILLS
Fears and misconceptions aside, the subsequent question to answer is WHERE to start out learning web developer skills. the great news is, whatever your situation, there’s a learning format that will work for you. a number of the foremost common places to find out coding skills are:
Bootcamps are traditionally 8-12 week, in-person intensive programs where students code all day, a day for the duration of the course. While the boot camp format is often excellent thanks to getting immersively hands-on with coding languages and learn at an accelerated rate, there are some pitfalls to the present approach also. As our CEO Adda Birnir says:
“Bootcamps are great options for a few people, but—like most things in life—they’re not perfect for everybody. to try to during an ll|one amongst|one in every of”> one among those boot camps you’ve got to be in a set location, plan to attend full time, and it’ll cost you. which may work if you’re not working, sleep in a serious city, and have money stored-up, but not if you’re caring for youngsters, live outside of an enormous city, or can’t afford in-person Bootcamp tuition (currently a mean of nearly $12,000 consistent with Coursereport).”
ONLINE CODING TUTORIALS
Fortunately, if the barrier of entry to boot camps doesn’t suit your personal circumstances, there are other options. one among those options (on the opposite end of the spectrum from coding boot camps) is learning through online tutorials. Unlike the Bootcamp model, learning through tutorials online are often done entirely at your own pace, and in many cases for free of charge. Sites like Coursera and Lynda offer low cost and free tutorials, while some languages like Python have their own official online beginners guides and documentation. you’ll get even more ideas for free of charge coding resources by finding out our article, 64 Ways to find out to Code for free of charge.
The downside to the present approach is within the lack of structure. If you’re someone who’s extremely self-disciplined and features a good amount of spare time, you’ll cobble up coding basics through tutorials alone. But once you hit a wall, it’s all on you to urge past it. And there’s no recognition or certification at the top of the tunnel. Yes, all that matters when it’s time to create an internet site is whether or not you recognize the way to roll in the hay or not, but the type of certification that comes from completing a longtime course makes it tons easier to convince clients and employers that you’re the person for the work.
ONLINE CODING COURSES
A third thanks to learning web development skills is to require a paid, instructor-led course online. This approach mixes the structure of a Bootcamp (though tons less intense and considerably less expensive) with the pliability of learning from home. Online courses like our Skillcrush front Development course are often completed in only three months by spending only an hour each day on the materials.
Chapter 4: Web Developer Salaries
So, if you’re taking the time and spend the cash to find out web developer skills, what quite financial return on your investment are you able to expect to ascertain from entry-level web developer jobs?
According to Indeed.com, the typical entry-level front web developer makes $61,512 a year working full-time within us. After three years or more of experience, this average climbs to $108,409 for mid-level and senior front development jobs, while developers who learn rear skills average $128,148/year.
We’ve broken these numbers down further in our Web Developer Salary Series article, but confine mind they’ll vary consistent with certain elements—location, experience, expertise, etc. to work out what you’ll reasonably expect to form, Glassdoor’s Know Your Worth tool may be a good way to connect specific details about your own circumstances to calculate a possible salary (and the proper number to offer when asked your salary requirements). you’ll also want to explore the way to calculate your rate for freelance web developer work.
Chapter 5: the way to Land an internet Developer Job
You know the online developer skills you would like, where and the way to find out them, and therefore the quite return on investment you’ll expect, but there’s one important detail—how does one actually land an internet developer job? Making that leap from learning to code to working as a junior web developer might sound daunting.
Of course, you ought to begin by staying on top of listings from general job sites like Glassdoor and Indeed and developer-focused sites like Github, Smashing Magazine, and Stack Overflow. But everyone seems to require experience, so how does one get that have if you haven’t been hired yet? we’ve some tips and tricks to assist you out.
1. WORK ON MOCK CODING PROJECTS
And—while you’ll be using these projects as a part of your resume and portfolio once you apply for jobs—don’t forget to publish your work publicly on sites like Codepen, Stack Overflow, and Github. Being a lively member of the web developer community, even before you begin your first day of labor, maybe a great way of showing clients and employers your dedication and professional curiosity.
Finally, remember that this initiative can actually bridge the gap between practice work and paid work. Reach bent friends, family, and acquaintances and see if anyone has website needs that you’re able and prepared to tackle. Doing these starter projects either unpaid or for a beginner’s freelance rate will offer you valuable work experience on the way to your first “real” job.
2. USE YOUR PORTFOLIO to point out OFF THOSE PROJECTS
Having a crisp, easily shareable digital portfolio may be a must to convert clients and hiring managers. But what does that mean?
First, you would like to seek out the proper site to deal with your digital samples. this text on free design portfolio sites will lead you within the direction of stalwarts like Behance and Dribbble, both of which work even as well for web developer portfolios as they are doing for web design.
Second, you would like to form sure you’re including the type of web developer samples which will resonate with clients and employers. this text will offer you 10 tips for building a stellar web developer portfolio, after which you’ll level up your portfolio game even further with this 4-step guide to creating sure your work shines.
3. confirm YOUR ELEVATOR PITCH is sweet to travel
In between trolling job listings and compiling a knockout portfolio, life sometimes just happens. You never know once you could be during a situation where you’re suddenly face-to-face with someone who can hook you up thereupon dream web developer job. which suggests you better have something to mention when and if the time comes.
No problem, we’ve got that covered, too! If you would like a touch help explaining who you’re, what sets you apart, and why (despite maybe not having the foremost on-paper experience) you’re the person to unravel a company’s problems, plow ahead and download our guide to writing the right personal pitch.
4. YOU’RE BREAKING INTO TECH—
BUT you continue to NEED a standard RESUME and canopy LETTER
The tech industry may have changed tons of the ways we work and find jobs, but one institution remains the same—the venerable covering letter and resume. to actually nail that web developer job, you’re getting to need both.
Because you’re new web development, it’s critical to write down a custom covering letter when applying for jobs. Take the time to research the corporate or client you’re applying with, notice any trends in their projects, or maybe problem areas (what could they be doing more of?), and confirm to incorporate those observations in your letter. you’ll even mention a private experience you’ve had with the corporate, too. The more original, the higher.
Finally, when it involves your resume, it must live up to equivalent high standards because of the portfolio and website projects you’re showcasing. the great news is, many free resume templates will hit that standard for you, supplying you with one less thing to spend your creative energy on. inspect our list of free creative resume templates for 2019 here.
Chapter 6: Freelancing may be a Flexible, Entry-Level Web Developer Option
We’ve said it before and we’ll say it again: tech jobs are flexible. And a part of what makes them so flexible is the freelancing opportunities available in every tech field. Whether it’s web development, web design, or digital marketing, tech jobs run the gamut from full-time jobs for one company, to freelance careers, to part-time side hustles you’ll do while caring for youngsters or building your skills.
Web development is not any different. If side hustling appeals to you, or if you’re trying to find how to try to paid projects while building your skills AND your portfolio, don’t forget that freelance developer work is usually an option.
Chapter 7: Final Thoughts
Well, you’ve made it this far—which means you’re probably able to get serious about learning to code and dealing as an internet developer.
Making that first commitment may be a big step, so congratulations! But now it’s time to require subsequent one: consider signing up for our Skillcrush front Development course today, and you’ll be on your thanks to a high paying, flexible, creative career in web development